Asia and the Pacific
Previous Niue
Next Palau
Share of global GHG emissions
Extracted from the CAIT Climate Data Explorer (2020), developed and maintained by the World Resources Institute.
Climate Vulnerability Index ranking
A higher number means a higher vulnerability to climate change. Based on the ND-GAIN Index (2021), developed by the University of Notre Dame.
Human Development Index ranking
A lower number means a better human development score. Based on the Human Development Index (2021), developed by UNDP.
Emissions reduction target by 2030
(compared to business as usual)
The highest emissions reduction target, conditional or unconditional, included in the country’s latest NDC.
NDC Status

Pakistan submitted its updated NDC in October 2021.

Key highlights from the NDC
  • Pakistan intends to set a cumulative ambitious conditional target of an overall 50% reduction of its projected emissions by 2030, with a 15% reduction from the country’s own resources and a 35% reduction subjected to the provision of international grant finance.
  • To reach the target, Pakistan aims to shift to 60% renewable energy, and 30% electric vehicles by 2030 and ban coal imports as well as expand nature-based solutions. The updated NDC has also added new sectors and new gases for enhanced contributions.
  • The revised NDC envisages a broader approach to adaptation, addressing adaptation needs in several sectors and stressing the loss and damage component.
Adaptation and resilience areas in the NDC
  • Agriculture
  • Biodiversity and ecosystem
  • Disaster risk management
  • Forestry
  • Health
  • Waste
  • Water
The Climate Promise is being delivered in collaboration with key partners. Thanks to our partners in Pakistan:

Last Updated

November 24, 2023

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There is an urgency to respond to the loss and damage caused by climate change. Those most affected are often the most vulnerable populations.
The conference, co-hosted by the Government of Pakistan and the United Nations, takes place on 9 January 2023.
Post-Disaster Needs Assessment calls for urgent support to implement a Recovery and Reconstruction that ‘Builds Back Better’.

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The assessment estimates total damages to exceed USD 14.9 billion, and total economic losses to reach about $15.2 billion.