Asia and the Pacific
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Share of global GHG emissions
Extracted from the CAIT Climate Data Explorer (2020), developed and maintained by the World Resources Institute.
Climate Vulnerability Index ranking
A higher number means a higher vulnerability to climate change. Based on the ND-GAIN Index (2021), developed by the University of Notre Dame.
Human Development Index ranking
A lower number means a better human development score. Based on the Human Development Index (2021), developed by UNDP.
NDC Status

Nepal submitted its second NDC in December 2020.

Key highlights from the NDC
  • Nepal’s second NDC has set activity-based and policy targets in key areas that it aims to achieve by 2030.
  • Nepal's second NDC is more ambitious in terms of its sectoral coverage (Energy; Industrial Processes and Product Use; Agriculture, Forestry, and Other Land Use; and Waste/Sanitation), and contribution, given the strengthened policy measures and update on sectoral targets, which will contribute to cumulative emission reductions.
  • For the first time, the country has committed to achieving net-zero greenhouse gas emissions by 2045.
  • Nepal plans to develop an Action Plan for integrating Gender Equity and Social Inclusion in achieving NDC targets.
  • All 753 local governments will prepare and implement climate-resilient and gender-responsive adaptation plans by 2030.
  • Nepal’s revised National Climate Change Policy in 2019 highlights adaptation priorities and actions that aims to build a climate resilient society. 
Adaptation and resilience areas in the NDC
  • Agriculture
  • Biodiversity
  • Disaster risk management
  • Energy
  • Forest
  • Health
  • Infrastructure
  • Settlement
  • Tourism
  • Transport
  • Waste/Sanitation
The Climate Promise is being delivered in collaboration with key partners. Thanks to our partners in Nepal:

Last Updated

November 24, 2023

Latest Updates

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With support from Japan, UNDP and partners have restored 14 micro hydro plants, lighting up the lives of 70,000 off-grid residents.
Despite facing adversities, young people continue to be at the forefront of climate action, raising hopes and inspiring change.
Japan and UNDP have joined forces for another set of funding to support climate action.

Latest Publications

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A progress report on the Japan-funded project being implemented in 23 countries and territories under the Climate Promise initiative.