Asia and the Pacific
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Share of global GHG emissions
Based on data from Climate Watch (CAIT 2019), developed and maintained by the World Resources Institute.
Climate Vulnerability Index ranking
A higher number means a higher vulnerability to climate change. Based on the ND-GAIN Index (2020), developed by the University of Notre Dame.
Human Development Index ranking
A lower number means a better human development score. Based on the Human Development Index (2021), developed by UNDP.
NDC Status

Kiribati submitted its first updated NDC in March 2023.

  • The country commits to two mitigation targets in its updated NDC: 1) Reducing its GHG emissions by 9.5% unconditionally and 16.7% conditionally by 2025 compared to business as usual, and to an unconditional carbon sequestration/sink of 0.16ktCO2 in 2025; 2) Reducing its GHG emissions by 8% unconditionally and 23.8% conditionally by 2030 compared to business as usual, and to an unconditional carbon sequestration/sink of 0.15ktCO2 in 2030.
  • The updated NDC also provides in detail the Kiribati Joint Implementation Plan strategies which aim to increase resilience through sustainable climate change adaptation and disaster risk reduction using a whole-of-country approach.

Mitigation areas in the NDC:

  • Energy
  • Waste
  • Agriculture
  • Land Use, Land-Use Change and Forestry (LULUCF)

Adaptation and resilience areas in the NDC:

  • Agriculture
  • Fisheries
  • Water
  • Biodiversity and Ecosystems
  • Health
  • Energy
  • Infrastructure
  • Disaster risk management
  • Transportation
  • Coastal areas
  • Ocean ecosystems
  • Mangrove forests

Last Updated

May 4, 2023

Latest Updates

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The revised NDC outlines Kiribati’s efforts to increase the transparency of planned national actions to reduce carbon emissions.
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Home to more than 4 billion people, see how UNDP’s climate adaptation work supports sustainable development across Asia and the Pacific.

Latest Publications

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The Asia-Pacific region covers a wide geographical area, with diverse landscapes, societies, cultures, religions and economies. Of the 41 countries…