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Share of global GHG emissions
Based on data from Climate Watch (CAIT 2020), developed and maintained by the World Resources Institute.
Climate Vulnerability Index ranking
A higher number means a higher vulnerability to climate change. Based on the ND-GAIN Index (2021), developed by the University of Notre Dame.
Human Development Index ranking
A lower number means a better human development score. Based on the Human Development Index (2021), developed by UNDP.
Conditional emissions reduction target by 2030
(compared to business as usual)
The highest emissions reduction target, conditional or unconditional, included in the country’s latest NDC.
NDC Status 

Eswatini submitted its revised NDC in October 2021.

Key highlights from the NDC 
  • Eswatini adopted its first economy-wide emissions reduction target of 5% by 2030, or 14% with financial support. 
  • The NDC provides measures for mitigation and adaptation across sectors, which include increasing the share of renewable energy (solar, wind, biomass and hydro) to 50% in the electricity mix by 2030 relative to 2010, and landscape restoration actions, including planting 10 million trees. 
  • The revised NDC also integrated youth engagement, gender equality and disaster risk reduction. 
Adaptation and resilience areas in the NDC 
  • Agriculture
  • Water
  • Health
  • Ecosystems and biodiversity
  • Infrastructure
The Climate Promise is being delivered in collaboration with key partners. Thanks to our partners in Eswatini:

Last Updated

November 21, 2023

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