Sao Tome and Principe

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Share of global GHG emissions
Based on data from Climate Watch (CAIT 2020), developed and maintained by the World Resources Institute.
Climate Vulnerability Index ranking
A higher number means a higher vulnerability to climate change. Based on the ND-GAIN Index (2021), developed by the University of Notre Dame.
Human Development Index ranking
A lower number means a better human development score. Based on the Human Development Index (2021), developed by UNDP.
Conditional emissions reduction target by 2030
(compared to business as usual)
The highest emissions reduction target, conditional or unconditional, included in the country’s latest NDC.
NDC Status 

São Tomé and Principe submitted their revised NDC in July 2021.

Key highlights from the NDC 
  • São Tomé and Principe enhanced ambition on their conditional emission target (without land use, land-use change and forestry), with a total greenhouse gas emissions reduction goal of 109 ktCO2eq, representing additional reduction of almost double the initial 2015 target.
  • The updated NDC goal is to be achieved by almost doubling renewable energy generation, enhancing energy efficiency and by reducing the carbon footprint of transport.
  • It equates to a cut of about 27% of domestic greenhouse gas emissions against business as usual by 2030.
Adaptation and resilience areas in the NDC
  • Agriculture
  • Forestry
  • Energy
  • Transport
  • Coastal zones
  • Fisheries
  • Water
The Climate Promise is being delivered in collaboration with key partners. Thanks to our partners in Sao Tome and Principe:

Last Updated

November 27, 2023

Latest Updates

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Funding from the Least Developed Countries Fund will boost climate resilience and foster inclusive, green economic development in the four countries.
29 countries in the Africa region submitted more ambitious climate pledges in 2021 with support from Climate Promise.
Sao Tome and Principe commits to increased climate action measures included in their updated NDC